Contributions, perspectives and challenges of South-South Cooperation in regional integration in Latin America
As part of the celebration of the United Nations Day for South-South Cooperation, the United Nations System in Panama and the City of Knowledge held the conversation: "Contributions, perspectives and challenges of South-South Cooperation and Triangular Cooperation in regional integration in Latin America", at the City of Knowledge Convention Center.
The dialogue began with welcoming remarks by Professor Jorge Arosemena, Executive Director of the City of Knowledge Foundation, who stressed the importance of South-South Cooperation ever since the knowledge management platform –City of Knowledge- originated.
For his part Freddy Justiniano, Director of the UNDP Regional Centre for Latin America and the Caribbean, expressed his satisfaction with the great changes in the world where the levels of poverty have decreased, and stated that many conquests have been made around the theme of Global South because the South has assumed a greater role in development activities worldwide.
The keynote speaker of the discussion was Professor Javier Surasky of the University of La Plata in Argentina, who noted that South-South Cooperation is experiencing a strong development in a very special global context. He added that since the beginning of this century we are experiencing many crises and it is in this context that South-South Cooperation consolidates and becomes a significant player, as Southern countries are protagonists of an exemplary growth. The South will be the large engine of a global economy and this will signify the emergence of an alternative discourse on cooperation to make it more effective and get better results. For the professor we have reached a general agreement which states that the South-South Cooperation has to dialogue with the North-South Cooperation and succeed in producing the changes that are being sought. “The South-South Cooperation (SSC) is based on horizontality, although this has nothing to do with the power of a country, but with the perspective from which to approach the work we want to pursue. Regional integration processes between Latin America and the Caribbean are processes of SSC since they signify a major challenge” stated Surasky. Finally, the professor stressed that South-South Cooperation is based on the ability to generate and share knowledge, and its only going to get be effective if it is able to recognize South's knowledge and build on it.
The conversation continued with a panel discussion with the participation of Anna Coates, UN Women Deputy Regional Director, Dr. Guillermo Castro, Academic Director of the City of Knowledge Foundation and Selina Baños, SSC National Officer of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA).
For Dr. Guillermo Castro, Academic Director of the City of Knowledge Foundation, the SSC must be understood in the perspective of a political economy with a broader historical approach, especially in regard to the formation of our America, Latin and Caribbean.